United Nations Economic
and Social Council
Since it was created by the UN Charter in 1945, ECOSOC (the Economic and Social Council) is one of the six main organs that form the UN system. The General Assembly elects the 54 member states that make up this committee. The fourteen specialized agencies, the functional commissions, and the five regional commissions on economic and social concerns are all coordinated by ECOSOC. It serves as the main forum for discussing global socioeconomic issues and formulating policy recommendations that take into account the specifics of each member state and for the entire UN system.
The well-established objectives of ECOSOC include advancing a higher standard of living throughout the world and working to support economic growth and social prosperity. It intends to use an interdisciplinary approach to address major global problems including unemployment and other forms of significant economic barriers. As part of its broader mission to promote universal observance of human rights and fundamental freedom, this committee is particularly focused on fostering international collaboration in the fields of education and culture. The responsibilities to recognize new global challenges, foster innovation, and strike a balance between the three pillars of sustainable development (defined by the Johannesburg Declaration of 1992) were all given to ECOSOC as a result of a 2013 amendment to the organization's mandate.
Topic 1: Strengthening digital learning opportunities in developing areas
Although the digital age has given education a wide range of learning methods and information access options, not everyone has equal access to these advantages. This topic would explore ways to challenge the digital gap among communities, focus on the role of education in promoting digital literacy to equip learners from all divides with the ability to access and share digital knowledge, as well as find ways to make technology and the internet more accessible to all communities, especially developing ones.
Topic 2: Facilitating food production in areas prone to climate change
Climate change and variability are a major threat to the agricultural sector globally, especially in areas that are vulnerable to environmental issues caused by global warming. To maintain sustainable development, food security should be a priority for all countries regardless of the economic scheme.